Advanced Redis Object Caching for Your WordPress Site


Imagine you have a big bookshelf full of books. Sometimes, when you want to read a book, you have to search through all the shelves to find it. That can take a lot of time!

Now, think of Redis object caching, like having a small table next to your reading chair. Instead of searching the whole bookshelf every time you want a book, you put your favorite books on the table where they’re easy to grab. So, when you want to read one of them, you can quickly pick it up from the table instead of searching the whole shelf.

Redis Object Caching

In technical terms, Redis object caching is like having a super-fast memory for your website. Instead of fetching information from a slow database every time someone visits your site, Redis stores that information in its memory. So, when someone asks for the same info again, it’s already there, ready to go, making your website load much faster.

We use Redis object caching to speed up websites and make them more efficient. It helps handle lots of visitors without slowing down the site, which is super important for keeping people happy and engaged.

What Is Server Side Page Caching

Before we dive into Redis Full-Page Cache, let’s understand how your website functions.

  1. When someone visits your WordPress site, their web browser talks to Nginx (the server).
  2. Nginx passes the request to PHP-FPM (a program that runs PHP code).
  3. PHP-FPM checks with the database (like MariaDB or MySQL) to get the page content.
  4. PHP-FPM processes everything and creates an HTML page.
  5. This HTML page is sent back to Nginx.
  6. Finally, Nginx sends this HTML page to the visitor’s web browser.

Why You Should Always Opt for Server-Side Caching

When you use server-side page caching, Nginx steps in between Nginx and PHP-FPM. It creates a cached HTML page from PHP-FPM.

So, when another person visits the same WordPress page, your site doesn’t need to do the same PHP and database work again. Nginx just serves the cached page directly.

This makes your server respond much faster after the first load. It also reduces the work for PHP-FPM and MariaDB/MySQL and lowers your server’s CPU usage.

With server-side caching, your server can handle more visitors without needing a bigger setup. This means you can stick with a more affordable server without needing to upgrade.

Redis Object Caching

What Is Redis? With Example

Redis, which stands for Remote Dictionary Server, is a free tool that stores data in memory. It’s like having a super-fast digital organizer that helps keep track of different types of information, such as words, lists, numbers, and even geographical locations.

Think of it as a helpful assistant that works alongside databases like MySQL or MariaDB to speed up applications. By storing frequently accessed data close at hand, Redis helps optimize the performance of applications, making them run smoother and faster.

Let’s say you have a website where users can see popular articles. Instead of calculating which articles are popular every time someone visits the page, you can use Redis caching. You calculate the popular articles once, store them in Redis, and then whenever someone visits the page, you quickly fetch the list from Redis instead of recalculating it every time. 

This makes your website faster and saves a lot of time and effort!

Redis Object Caching for WordPress

Object caching saves the results of database queries that users ask for. Then, when someone asks for the same thing later, it can give them the answer much faster without asking the database again.

In WordPress, there’s a built-in thing called Object Cache using the WP_Object_Cache class. But there’s a catch: by default, this caching isn’t permanent. That means the saved answers only stick around until the page finishes loading. This isn’t very efficient unless you add a permanent caching system like Redis Object Cache.

Understanding Redis Integration with WordPress Cache Plugins

Unlike regular WordPress cache plugins that focus on speeding up how quickly your website’s pages load by saving static versions of pages, Redis works as a server-side cache. This means it stores data directly on the server to make fetching information faster.

Let’s imagine you have a blog where you post articles about travel destinations. You also have an online shop where you sell travel gear and accessories. To make your site faster, you decide to use a cache plugin.

Most cache plugins focus on storing static versions of your blog posts and shop pages, so they load quickly for visitors. But what about other parts of your site, like the checkout process or interactive features? This dynamic content isn’t cached by default.

Redis Object Caching

With dozens of plugins active on your site, including ones for social media sharing, SEO optimization, and more, your WordPress Admin area might feel sluggish because it’s not caching this dynamic content.

Unlocking WordPress Speed: The Role of Redis Explained

Having a slow WordPress website is frustrating for both visitors and site owners. But you can make your site faster and improve the user experience by using a caching system like Redis.

When Redis is set up on your WordPress site, it speeds up how quickly visitors can access your content. Normally, when someone asks for information on a WordPress site, the system has to search through a database, which takes time.

Redis Object Caching

Redis keeps important information in its memory so it can be quickly accessed when needed. This means data can be retrieved much faster, making your site perform better and reducing the time it takes for pages to load.

Using Redis for Query Caching in WordPress

Have you ever faced the frustration of slow database queries? Query caching could be your saving grace, speeding up these queries using various caching methods while keeping costs manageable!

Imagine you’ve developed an e-commerce app that’s experiencing rapid growth. Your product catalog is extensive, and you have millions of customers—great for business, but it’s straining your technology. Despite efforts to optimize database queries to your primary database (be it MongoDB or PostgreSQL), they’re slowing down. Even with some performance tweaks, it’s not meeting your customers’ expectations.

Redis is a special kind of storage system that mainly handles caching. It helps to ease the burden on your main database by speeding up how quickly you can get information from it.

In e-commerce apps, there’s one type of request that comes up a lot: searching for products. To make product searches faster, you can use Redis in a couple of ways:

  1. Cache prefetching: You can load up Redis with all the product details beforehand. Then, when someone wants to search for a product, the app can check Redis first instead of going straight to the main database.
  2. Cache-aside pattern: Instead of loading up Redis with everything in advance, you fill it up as needed. When someone wants to search for a product, the app puts that information into Redis so it’s there for the next person who wants to search for the same thing.

Cache Aside Method with Redis Object Caching(Cache Miss)

Redis Object Caching


Let’s break this diagram into some easy points

  1. The app asks for some data.
  2. The backend looks in Redis to see if it already has that data.
  3. If Redis doesn’t have the data (a “cache miss”), the backend gets it from the main database.
  4. Once the data is fetched from the database, it’s saved in Redis.
  5. Finally, the data is sent back to the app.

Cache Aside Method with Redis Object Caching(Cache Hit)

Now, let’s look at what happens when there’s a “cache hit.” Here’s the same diagram, but with the steps for a “cache hit” highlighted in green.

In a “cache hit“:

  1. The app asks for data.
  2. The backend checks if the data is in Redis.
  3. If the data is found (a “cache hit”), it’s sent back to the app right away.

The cache-aside pattern is handy when you:

  1. Need to fetch data a lot: Like in e-commerce, where you’re always checking product info.
  2. Want to save space and money: Instead of loading up Redis with everything, it only saves what’s needed when it’s needed.
  3. Care about costs: The less stuff you store in the cache, the less you have to pay for storage.
Redis Object Caching

Precautions to Take Before Implementing Redis Cache in WordPress

Before you turn on the Redis cache for your WordPress site, it’s crucial to take some precautions. Neglecting these steps could impact your server and lead to significant losses.

Go for Staging Site

Developers recommend testing any changes to your website in a staging environment first. This way, even if something goes wrong, your actual site stays safe. It’s like a practice run where you can learn from any mistakes.

Once you’re confident everything works smoothly, you can “push” those changes to your live site. This means the changes aren’t made to the live site until you decide to do so.

Your staging environment is basically a copy of your real website. It’s not accessible to the public, and search engines can’t see or index it because it’s protected by a password.

Redis Object Caching

Configuring WP Config File to Avoid Conflicts

To ensure the smooth operation of Redis on your Cloudways-hosted site, you’ll need to make a few adjustments in the wpconfig.php file. Here’s how:

  1. Log in to your FTP client.
  2. Connect to your hosting account.
  3. Find the public_html folder.
  4. Inside public_html, locate the wp-config.php file.
  5. Open the wp-config.php file using any text editor.
  6. Add the following line of code right after the first line, which is PHP’s opening tag (<?PHP).

By following these steps, you can configure your wp-config.php file to avoid conflicts and enable Redis to run seamlessly.

define( ‘WP_CACHE_KEY_SALT’, ‘’ );

How Caching Works in xCloud?

In xCloud, we’ve got a nifty trick up our sleeves to speed up website loading times: caching. We use two types of caching to supercharge website performance: page caching and object caching.

Let’s talk about page caching first. We count on FASTCGI NGINX to handle this part of the magic for your website. It works like a super-fast library where we store web pages for instant access.

Redis Object Caching

Now, let’s talk about object caching. This is all about storing specific pieces of information from the website’s database, like menus or post details. Instead of searching through the database every time someone needs this info, we’ve already saved it and it’s ready to go. For this task, we use Redis Object caching, which is a bit different from Redis Full-Page Caching. It’s like a smart assistant that remembers everything you need without any effort.

Note: Object caching involves storing the results of database queries, so they can be retrieved from the cache instead of querying the database again when the same result is needed.

Redis Object Caching

At xCloud, we set up the LiteSpeed cache plugin for OLD (OpenLiteSpeed) caching. Additionally, we configure the built-in Redis object cache within the OLS server for optimal performance.

Follow our OLS(OpenLiteSpeed) guide from here. 

Maximize WordPress Website Efficiency with Redis Object Caching

In conclusion, Redis object caching stands as a powerful tool in the arsenal of website optimization. By intelligently storing and retrieving specific data from the database, it significantly reduces load times and enhances overall performance. With Redis object caching, websites can deliver content to users swiftly, resulting in improved user experiences and increased satisfaction. 

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